the epigraphs of Bistoon and Persepolis, Sistan is mentioned as one of
the eastern territories of Darius the Great. The name Sistan, as
mentioned above, is derived from Saka (also sometimes Saga, or
Sagastan), one of the Aryan tribes that had taken control over this area
in the year 128 BCE. During the Arsacid Dynasty (248 BC to 224 CE), the
province became the seat of Suren-Pahlav Clan. From the Sassanid period
till the early Islamic period, Sistan flourished considerably.
During the reign of Ardashir I of Persia, Sistan came under the
jurisdiction of the Sassanids, and in 644CE, the Arab Muslims gained
control as the Persian empire was in its final moments of collapsing.
During the reign of the second caliph of Islam, this territory was
conquered by the Arabs and an Arab commander was assigned as governor.
The famous Persian thief turned tyrant Ya'qub-i Laith Saffari, whose
descendants dominated this area for many centuries, later became
governor of this province. In 916 CE, Baluchestan was liberated by the
Daylamids and thereafter the Seljuqids, when it became a part of Kerman.
Dynasties such as the Saffarids, Samanids, Qaznavids, and Seljuqids,
also ruled over this territory.
In 1508 CE, Shah Ismail I of the Safavid dynasty conquered Sistan,
and during the reign of Nader Shah there was further turmoil.
The ancient name of Baluchestan was Moka and through the passage of
time it changed to Mokran / Makran, which is now the southern sector of Baluchestan. This territory came to be known as Baluchestan from the time that the Baluch tribes settled here.
The interesting and spectacular sparkles of the province, embracing
the Oman Sea to the Hamoon Lake in different seasons, reflect an
enchanting heterogeneity. The historical memorials, the luxuriance of
the date trees and the towering and sweltering sides of desert, although
have not been well respected during past years, but welcome the
cheerful visitors to the virgin nature and its unique locality.
In the Zahedan county, the Mellat park resort and the Brasan
promenade, the cultural and recreational family garden (Baghe
Khanevadeh), the anthropology museum containing brilliant effects of the
territory culture, the library inherited from deceased master Kamboozia
(ostad Kambuzia), Sarpoosh passage, the old-fashioned constructions of
post house, judiciary, custom affairs and Mirjaveh 'Post Shahr'.
In the county of Zabol, the Khajeh Mountain with the approximate
altitude of 900 meters could be observed like an island in the midst of
Hamoon Lake together with the giant fire temple and the outward
tremendous palace, put to the Achaemenid and Parthian. Slaves opening as
relics of the standing city of the Achaemenid Empire, the burned city
(shahre sookhteh) with the ancient hills, belonging to the period around
2000 to 3200 years B.C., as the largest city and the cultural center in
the orient and the discovered crocks, put its civilization period to
the Bronze Age. Sam castle, Mochi (wrist) catle, wind mills, Rostam
castle, Old (kohneh) Zahedan, Qasem Abad spire, Korkooieh fire temple,
Hamoon Lake, Chah nimeh park, and so forth.
In the Khash County, the Heidarabad castle, the famous peak of
Taftan is considered as the only semi active volcano, nationwide. Also,
the seasonal basin in Mosaffa, neighboring altitudes of Taftan with the
name of 'sar darya (head of sea)', spire (menare) of central (jame)
mosque, the old tree of 'Deh Pabid' aging over 1200 years, cemetery of 70 mullahs, … and so forth.
In the county of Iranshahr, the Naseri castle (belonging to the
Qajar dynasty), the Bampur castle with the antiquity of Sassanid empire,
the Daman (skirt) castle, the Pishin (previous) castle (belonging to
Islamic era), the 40 daughters castle, the soldier castle (Islamic
period), the Spiddej castle (located in the way of Bazman_ Delgan) where
the rumor is that Ashraf Afghan has been assassinated, the Sarbaz
(soldier) river valley, … and so forth.
In the Saravan county, the moonlight heel (tape mahtab) of Khazaneh
Koohak (5000 years B.C.), Kalatak Aspeech hill, Roobahak hill, Mil Mard
hill, Mir Omar hill, Seb castle, Mehregan mountain quoin, Negaran
mountain quoin, Koshtegan mountain quoin, and so forth.
In the county of Chabahar, you can see extremely beautiful coasts of
Oman sea, the ports of Pezm, Guatr, Kenarak and Shahid Beheshti and
GolAfshan docks, that are considered as the Chabahar wonders and is
erupting like a volcano. The Hara woods that are floating woods and go
under water with high tide and re appear with low tide. The tomb of
Seied Gholam Rasool belonging to Teimoory period, Tiss (Portuguese)
castle, Tiss mosque, Makre Zan (Woman's Cheat) tree, fig of sanctuaries
(Anjire Maabed) and so forth.
In the county of Nikshahr, there are lots of primitive areas
(belonging to ancient history) such as the old castle of Nikshahr, the
castle of 40 daughters, the old castle of palace of sweet (Qasre Qand),
…, that are considered as the province appeals.